A year-long commitment to sobriety for those who struggle with a polysubstance disorder leads to mental benefits and improved brain functioning, according to a new study in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.
With few studies investigating the natural rate of cognitive recovery in the chosen areas of cognitive focus, the research determined that there is a clinically significant recovery in the areas of overall satisfaction with life, a decrease of psychological distress, and improved executive brain functioning — a process that deals with managing resources and oneself to achieve a goal.
All of the tests were taken initially and then once again after a year had passed.
Data pertaining to satisfaction with life was collected and assessed by using the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), a questionnaire used by psychologists. The questionnaire determined that those who stayed abstinent for a year gained four times as many points in overall life satisfaction than those who relapsed.
The healthy demographic didn’t change significantly. Executive functions were assessed in a similar manner — researchers asked participants to complete the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, which is a questionnaire that uses three methods of scoring to determine executive functioning in the brain. Psychological distress was measured through the Symptom Checklist-90-R — a self-report that evaluates nine symptoms of psychological distress.
The research compared changes in abstainers, relapsers, and health participants from the baseline the one-year follow-up.
Polysubstance use disorder is prevalent among patients who seek addiction treatment and have a higher risk of developing other psychiatric symptoms, hindrances in cognitive function, and inferior treatment results. The study aimed to investigate if a full year of sobriety had an effect on these areas of brain functioning.
The main criteria necessary to allow participants to be included in the study was evidence of polysubstance abuse disorders, but they had to be enrolled in a new treatment sequence by the addiction treatment program and be at least 16 years of age.
A total of 115 people with substance use disorders were recruited from 10 different addiction recovery clinics. The researchers studied patients who remained abstinent and patients who relapsed over a 12 month period. Those with a polysubstance abuse disorder were recruited from drug rehab centers and healthy patients without substance use disorders were recruited to stabilize the sample with healthy participant data to refer to.
In addition to psychiatric symptoms, deficits in cognitive functions, and inferior treatment results, individuals with substance used disorders were found to often have high levels of… (continue reading)
depression and anxiety.
Those who stayed sober for a whole year experienced improved satisfaction with life, greater executive functioning, and lower psychological distress compared to the others.
This data could be used to motivate those who are going through recovery at an addiction treatment center by showing them that they will feel better and live a more rewarding life after a year of sobriety.
The researchers determined that a gradual learning requirement about cognitive improvements and a lack thereof when a person doesn’t achieve abstinence. The study also highlighted that it is crucial for patients to achieve abstinence from physical withdrawal before they seek treatment for co-occurring mental health disorders.
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